The choice of garlic must be based on the climate in which it will grow, planting time, as well as personal preferences. Description of the best varieties of garlic and their features will be discussed later in the article.
What are the best winter varieties?
Winter varieties of garlic are planted in the fall. They have large, juicy teeth inside the head, and, as a rule, there is a center rod - the remainder of the color stem. This fact indicates the presence of an arrow, but in the last decade many non-rifling varieties have been invented. Stored well, can be consumed raw or processed.
Photos of winter varieties of garlic
- "Lyubasha" reaches 120 cm in height, the plant releases an arrow, resistant to strong frosts. Head weighing no more than 120 g, with proper care, slightly flattened shape, rounded. Color is white, there may be pink stripes. Stored without problems. You can use in any form.
- "Spas" has a head weighing up to 100 g, containing 7-10 teeth. Mid-garlic, husk with purple stripes. It is resistant to fusarium, as well as nematode, but spraying is required against other diseases.
- "Gribovsky 60" - early-ripening variety, the arrow releases, resistant to fungal diseases. Heads are round, up to 60 g, inside 5-12 very sharp teeth. Often used in conservation precisely because of its taste.
- "Dobrynya" - The late-ripening plant grows to 70 cm tall, the head is rather large - 50-60 g. In a bulb there can be up to 14 cloves each weighing 5-6 grams. It is resistant to diseases, but there is no strong frost, therefore it is additionally mulched when planted. Not very bitter - rarely used in preservation.
- "Doctor" - an early type of garlic without an arrow. The head is white, slightly flattened to 42 g. The teeth (no more than 16 in the head) have a light purple color. The variety tolerates severe frosts, is well stored and can be transported over long distances.
- "Alkor" - mid-season, arrowed variety. The head is light gray with a blue tint. It is used for various purposes, and is often infected with yellow dwarfism when grown. In the head weighing up to 36 grams only 4-5 teeth.
- "Antonik" - mid-season, releases the arrow. Head weight - 54-72 g, inside 3-7 teeth. The head itself is round, and the teeth are white with a pink tinge.
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Spring varieties of garlic are planted in spring and they ripen in autumn. May be stored for more than 10 months, but often deteriorate if storage conditions are incorrect. Due to the fact that they have small cloves, but there are many of them, this species is most often used in processing: for pickles, preservation, and so on. On the outer row, the teeth are larger than on the inner rows, and they are most often used for planting.
Spring varieties of garlic
- "Sochi 56" has a white-pink, flattened onion. Early variety, does not release the arrow. Head weight - 30-50 g, and inside up to 30 small teeth.
- "Yershovsky" - mid-season variety, does not allow the arrow. The teeth are located in 2-3 rows, in total there are no more than 25 of them. The grade is frost-resistant, fruitful, is stored without problems.
- "Flavor" - a foreign species, able to ripen in warm and cold climates. Transportable, stored for a long time. The teeth are not very sharp, but very juicy in a bulb of 15-20 pieces. Mid-season variety, the arrow does not release. Head weight - 80 grams.
- "Aleysky" - mid-season variety, does not release the arrow. Resistant to frost and disease. In the white head Zubkov very much - 12-19 pieces.
- "Degtyarsky" has an average head weighing up to 38 g. The plant is frost-resistant, mid-season without an arrow. In one bulb can be about 18 teeth. The husk is white-red, the teeth are white, juicy semi-sharp.
Which varieties are arrowed, and which ones are not arrowed?
Garlic varieties are rifle and not rifle. Most gardeners prefer non-shooter garlic, although many consider it more productive and tasty.
Arrowed garlic has a floral arrow at the base of the head. In part, it remains even after the harvest has been gathered. Of the winter varieties, they include “Kharnas”, “Nazus”, “Komsomolets”, “Polet”, “Junior”, etc. Of the spring, only “Gulliver” lets out the spring arrow - this is its distinguishing feature.
Garlic that does not have arrows has small teeth arranged in several layers. Of the spring subspecies, they include the Abrek, Permyak, Moskovsky, Viktorio, and the winter crops - Losevsky, Podmoskovny and others.
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Large varieties of garlic
It is reasonable to grow fine-toothed garlic only for its further processing, but if we are talking about fresh consumption, it is easier to grow large garlic. So, what varieties of garlic are distinguished by the largest teeth and heads?
- "Titanium" - one of the largest varieties of garlic. Head weight can reach 200 grams, and one clove - 25 grams. The variety is arrowed, resistant to low temperatures, has a mild taste and always gives a great harvest.
- "Gulliver" - Late ripening spring arrowhead garlic. The head is large, it can reach a weight of 120 grams, and the teeth in it are very small - 4-6 pieces. The taste is not very spicy.
- "Sofievsky" - winter, mid-season fruitful variety, produces an arrow. Heads with purple veins weigh approximately 120 grams. In one bulb about 8 cloves. Stored long.
Also among the large-fruited include "Alekseevsky", "Moskal" and "Shirokolistny" varieties.