For a very long time, gardeners had to plant only prickly varieties of gooseberry, as there was no alternative. But more recently, breeders began to create varieties without thorns, which largely simplified the work in the garden. Gooseberry Commander is one of the first varieties without thorns, bred by breeders, and this article is devoted to him.
Characteristics and description of the Komandor variety
The gooseberry Commander was obtained in 1995 as a result of the crossing of Chelyabinsk Green and African varieties. A grade sredneranny, long term of fructification. Productivity can reach 6.8 kg from one bush.
The gooseberry Commander was obtained in 1995 as a result of the crossing of varieties of Chelyabinsk Green and African
The bush grows of medium height, almost upright, even under the weight of the berries the branches bend a little. There are no thorns at all. The branches are densely covered with foliage. The shrub is not susceptible to powdery mildew and has an average resistance to sawflies and anthracnose. Winter-hardy (up to -25 degrees), withstands short droughts. Transportability is low due to the softness of the berries after full ripening.
Berries of medium size, weight up to 5 grams, round, smooth, red-brown. Seeds are not very much and when they are used it is not audible much. Peel thin, never pubescence. The taste is sweet and sour, the aroma is pleasant, strong, tasting score - 4.6 out of 5. High sugar content - in one berry up to 13.1% of sugar and 3% of titrated acidity. Vitamin C is about 54 mg / 100 g.
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Commander should be grown only on high or flat areas, where there is no stagnation of water or high groundwater flow, because it is excess moisture that can cause the destruction of the bush. Commander gooseberry grows best in loamy and sod-podzolic soils.
Commander should be grown only on high or flat areas where there is no stagnation of water
The pit is dug in advance. For a medium-sized bush, a depth of up to 30 cm is needed. Land for planting should be fertilized, or more fertilizers should be put in the pit for planting. Compost or humus is placed inside, you can add a little potash-phosphorus mixtures and wood ash. Usually a bucket of basic fertilizer is taken on such a pit - humus or compost and 300 grams of ash. If the soil is acidic, limestone can be mixed into this mixture.
Seedlings are placed directly, and not at an angle, as many other varieties of gooseberry are planted. Only in this way they will take root faster. The roots are straightened, the pit is covered with earth, compacted (you can even tamp it down with your feet). After planting it is necessary to water the bush.
How to care for gooseberries?
Caring for Commander gooseberry varieties is not difficult for those who have already grown gooseberries, as in principle, care is not much different, but still there are differences and you need to know about them so that the bushes do not die.
- Immediately after planting, the bush is fenced from all sides or only from two leewards so that a strong wind does not tear it out of the ground.
- It is necessary to ensure that the sun falls on the bush, without sunlight it will grow for a very long time and give a poor harvest.
Pruning is carried out 2 times a year - in spring and autumn
- In the early years it is worthwhile to provide the Commander with an abundance of fertilizers. Of course, you should not overdo it, but if the leaves began to change color or wither ahead of time - it is worth making minerals. In all subsequent years, it is necessary to feed the bushes three times a year - in early spring (when leaves appear), during the flowering period and in the fall. Autumn fertilization is usually carried out with organic fertilizers.
- Hilling provides the roots with an abundance of oxygen, but in addition, the bush becomes the most protected from diseases and pests.
- Watering this variety loves very much. Only with sufficient moisture it gives yields of 5-6.8 kg. But you need to carefully monitor the humidity. The fact is that dryness is harmful, but marshy land will lead to the rapid development of root rot. Approximately 2 weeks before harvest, you need to water the gooseberries every day!
- Pruning is carried out 2 times a year - in spring and autumn. It is important for the gardener to cut off all diseased, irregularly bent and dry branches, and also to form a regular shrub so that it is even and sparse.
- Before winter, it is necessary to dig the ground at the bush and mulch it over the ground by 5-10 cm peat or humus.
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Sick and affected pests gooseberry Commander is not often, but it is quite possible. And although he has a good immune system from the most dangerous and common diseases and the sawfly is a harmful insect, he does not have protection against many other diseases.
Preparations for the fight against gooseberry disease Commander
- Rust is usually well distinguishable. Flowers and ovaries begin to become covered with yellowish pads that darken over time. From the disease helps 1% solution Bordeaux fluid.
- Drying of the stems is an incurable disease. Manifested in the form of cracking and dying off of individual pagons. When infected, the bush is usually uprooted. In order that the disease does not appear, all slices need to be smeared with garden pitch or treated with a solution of Bordeaux liquids (only weak).
- The shield is distinguishable by spots on the leaves that look like lime mortar. They appear as if from nowhere, if before this pest was not visible. Destroy the pest colony with a solution of "Decis", "Aktar" or "Aktellika."
- Aphids are the most common pest for any gardener. If a large colony settles on the gooseberry of this variety, then the bush in general can stop growing and die. They struggle with aphids with a solution of "Decis", "Actofit", "Cesar", "Aktellika". You can also simply sprinkle with wood ash or use a concentrated tobacco solution.
When can you harvest?
Berries on the gooseberry variety Commander appear from mid-May
Berries on the gooseberry variety Commander appear from mid-May, and they can be collected from the beginning of July. Young berries at this time change color from green to green-red. During full maturity, they have a red-brown color, and when they re-sing they become almost black. At the same time, they do not crack or fall off the bush for a long time, so it is not necessary to rush to harvest. Especially, if you need to process more "emergency" harvest from any shrubs, trees or garden plants.
Use Commander gooseberry berries for processing, fresh consumption and preparation of desserts. For preservation (jams, preserves, stewed fruit, juices), berries are usually used, which have barely reached technical ripeness, and ripe or over-ripe for food - they are very sweet and like not only children, but also adults.