Pears are pruned in spring and autumn or in one of these seasons. It is during these periods that it is recommended to do it in order not to harm the flowers and fruits during their development, ripening. But how to cut the pear, so as not to harm her?
Why prune pears?
First of all, you need to figure out why the tree needs a procedure, and only then think about how to cut the pear? If the procedure can harm the tree, and this often happens, then why risk it? It is much easier to leave everything as it is, and to wait until the tree reaches its maximum size, will begin to give great harvests, and all this without human intervention. But it's not that simple. There are three types of pruning pears and each has its own, specific purpose.
General principles for pruning fruit trees
- Forming pruning is carried out in the first 4 years after planting a tree to a permanent place. It allows you to improve the condition of the tree. Without pruning, the branches will grow chaotically and this will greatly complicate the harvest. In addition, the tree will be too tall. It may be impossible to collect the upper fruits, they will deteriorate, fall off, rot on the ground. Pruning "adjusts" the tree to the needs of the gardener, allows you to control the development and growth of branches.
- Sanitary pruning - removal of all damaged and diseased branches, those pagons, on which the eggs of pests are laid. Thanks to this procedure, the tree is sick less often, diseases, if they appear, are easily eliminated, and the pear develops better.
- Anti-aging pruning is needed for an adult tree in order to increase the yield, which inevitably decreases with its age.
As you can see, pruning is a necessary procedure, but how to trim the pear correctly?
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Before you cut the pear, you need to understand when to do it best? In theory, any time is suitable for pruning, but in practice the tree best responds to spring and autumn pruning.
Time pruning in spring and autumn is limited. In the spring, this should be done from early March to mid-April, when the sap flow has not yet begun in the tree, outside up to +5 degrees, but there are serious frosts behind and will not be able to threaten the development of the cut pear.
When is it best to prune pears?
In the autumn, the procedure is carried out before the cold weather. We can’t allow severe frosts to start right after pruning - the pear will simply not survive, it will not have time to recover. Therefore, pruning is carried out around September, after harvesting. In the southern areas you can do it until the end of October. The main thing is to stay about a month before the frost.
How to prune a pear in the spring?
Spring pruning has specific goals:
- crown formation (first 4 years);
- pear height reduction;
- crown thinning;
- destruction of all lateral growths to the top flower bud.
So how to prune a pear? In the first 4 years you need to carry out trimming pruning. Pears are usually given a pyramidal crown. The height of the tree is reduced by simply cutting the center branch. But it is important to note that the height of the trunk (main branch) should be from 60 to 90 cm. The lateral branches are also pruned to the upper flower bud.
Spring pruning pear
Thinning of the crown is done by a simple method of trimming all excess pagons that do not have flower buds or grow abnormally inside the crown. This pruning dilutes the crown and all fruits will have a lot of light available in the summer.
It is worth noting that in the spring you can notice some diseased branches that were missed in the fall, they also need to be cut off. They also remove frostbitten pagons that cannot recover.
All these procedures can reduce the load on the pear, and throughout the season it gives greater yields than without it. Also at this time you can spend rejuvenating pruning. To do this, cut off the old branches that do not give as much fruit as you need. Some gardeners simply cut down a tree, leaving 1-2 young branches, or plant some more varieties to a pear.
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Above it was considered, for what and how to cut a pear in the spring, now it is worthwhile to get acquainted in detail with the features and technologies of the autumn pruning. In the autumn is mainly sanitary pruning. At this time, you need to prepare the tree for the winter.
Autumn pear pruning
The technology is not very difficult. To begin with, remove all dry and diseased twigs. Also cut off the news, broken, thin and weak, they still will not survive the winter. To facilitate the spring pruning, you can spend a few forming procedures - remove the branches that grow inside the crown, contribute to its thickening.
In the autumn, only light pruning is carried out. It is impossible to cut most of the branches, the pear simply will not have time to recover before the first frost. After autumn pruning and watering, fertilizing, you need to mulch the tree trunk. Such a pear can be exposed to frostbite much stronger than the whole, untouched, so you can not save on mulch or insulation!
Below are recommendations on how to trim the pear as simple as possible and prevent complications in the future.
All branches of the branches are held over the top healthy kidney
- All branches of the branches are held over the top healthy kidney.
- All sections of the branches more than 1.5 cm in diameter need to be treated with garden pitch to disinfect them.
- When pruning branches of more than 3 cm in diameter, they are first filed above and below, and then cut. Otherwise, the bark can be pulled after the cut-off wagon.
- After spring and autumn pruning pears need to spend her watering and feeding. Nitrogen substances are introduced in the spring, and in the autumn humus, compost or superphosphate in granules.
- When pruning you need to follow the rule of subordination - the most powerful branches are at the bottom, and the weaker - above.